GMO Policies: United States and European Union
United States Policy
European Union Policy
Comparison of U.S. and EU Policy
Side-by-Side Comparison of US and EU Policies
Labeling is not required (FDA 3). Congress is now reviewing possible labeling bills (Right-to-Know Act).
Employs team of FDA scientists to research GMOs (FDA 3).
Regulates mostly on a pre-market basis (FDA 2).
Regards GMOs as equal to domestic foods regulated under the Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDA 2).
Labeling is federally mandated (Regulation 1139/98).
Establishes a basis for consulting specialized scientific committees on GMO safety (Directive 2001/18/EC).
Regulates before and after release to the market through education of the public and assessment reports (Directive 2001/18/EC).
Regulates the labeling and traceability of GMOs specifically (Directive 2001/18/EC).
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